Lacor Hospital is a private, non-profit Ugandan hospital, whose mission is to guarantee affordable medical services in particular to the most needy.
Founded in 1959 by the Comboni Missionaries for the Gulu Catholic Diocese, after 1961 it was managed and developed by a husband and wife team Drs Piero Corti (an Italian paediatrician) and Lucille Teasdale Corti (a Canadian surgeon) up until their deaths: Lucille in 1996 of professionally acquired AIDS and Piero in 2003.
A major hospital - with 482 beds and 3 peripheral health centres (24 beds each) Lacor Hospital is a major, referral level hospital offering a vast range of diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive medicine services. Over 250,000 patients are treated annually. Children five years and below make up 32% of the total attendance, pregnant mothers make up 13%.
An extended and integrated approach to health care - Lacor Hospital is fully integrated into the Uganda National Strategic Health plan and adheres to the principle of complementarity to avoid wasteful duplication of services in the Health Sector’s insufficient resources.
In the forefront of health training in Uganda - 350 resident students attend the hospital’s schools for nursing, laboratory & anaesthesia assistants and for the training of Health Educators and AIDS counsellors. The hospital is also a university teaching site for the Government University of Gulu Faculty of Medicine, which was inaugurated in 2003/2004. The hospital also trains "on the job" masons, carpenters, electricians.
More than "just" a hospital
Fighting Poverty through Health - Diseases are not only caused by poverty, but are themselves a major cause of poverty (*). Access to affordable, quality health care is crucial to breaking the vicious circle of poverty leading to poor health and vice versa. Lacor Hospital contributes to social development by offering accessible quality medical assistance.
Self-reliance - After its independence in October 1962, Uganda suffered economic downturns, civil conflicts and dictatorships. After President Y. Museveni seized power in 1986, the country slowly returned to stability and peace. However, the terrible civil conflict which continued in the North until 2006 forced the Hospital to create its own autonomy: workshops for building, repairs and maintenance, power and water generating and distribution systems, waste disposal and logistic support were critical for survival.
A refuge in times of war - Even the staff had to live in the Hospital compound with their families in order to be safe. Between 1996 and 2006, between 3,000 to 10,000 “night commuters”, mostly children and women fleeing the rebel attacks in the surrounding villages, would find refuge every night in the Hospital compound. According to UNICEF, over 30,000 children aged 7-14 were abducted in Northern Uganda during this period and were forced into slavery and into the guerrilla ranks.
A driver of development - Lacor Hospital is the largest private employer in Northern Uganda and among the 100 top contributors to the National Social Security Fund (75th in 2006).
According to a 2003 analysis**, most of the Hospital’s revenues are retained locally in the form of employee wages and purchases. Up to 60% of wages and 90% of funds lent to the staff by the Hospital’s interest-free loan cooperative are used to pay for the education of their dependent children. The study analysed more than 180 small businesses around the hospital and discovered that their survival mostly depends on the Hospital, through purchases made by staff, patient’s family and visitors. According to this study, each dollar “invested” in Lacor Hospital as donated funds yields at least twice this amount in direct and indirect revenues in the local economic context.
Another recent study by Fondazione Lang Italia has measured the Sroi (Social Return on Investment) of donations to the hospital. The study has shown that each euro donated generates 2.74 euro in the local environment.
Promoting work ethics based on transparency, responsibility and refusal of corruption - With more than 70% of the budget being covered through external support, the hospital depends on the donors’ trust. Management and staff do their best to deserve that trust through careful accounting of annual activities and implementation of audits by international accounting and clinical experts.
* In a speech addressed to the 2001 World Health Assembly, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan stated “The biggest enemy of health in the developing world is poverty” . In a 41-country survey (1), illness was cited most frequently as the cause of destitution and the reason for sliding into poverty. The threat of loss of work time and loss of income is a constant fear. Many of the near-poor are just a serious illness away from poverty, and the poor that close to destitution. Poor people see ill health, disease and poverty as fundamentally linked (2). Malaria, for example, has been proved to decrease GDP growth by up to 1.3% in some developing countries (3).
Narayan, D.et al. 1999. "Global Synthesis: Consultations with the Poor."Draft discussion paper prepared for the Global Synthesis Workshop: Conslutations with the Poor, Washington, D.C., 22-23 September 1999. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank.
NFPA, United Nations Population Fund
** Economic Impact of Lacor Hospital on the Surrounding Area. Maniple Everd et al. Department of Health Sciences, Uganda Martyrs University 2003.